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聚焦高素质双师型要求 深化新时代职业教育教师队伍建设改革 ——教育部教师工作司负责人就《深化新时代职业教育“双师型”教师队伍建设改革实施方案》答记者问
作者:登封教育信息网 来源:原创 日期:2019/10/28 16:34:58 人气:70

  JINRI,JIAOYUBU、GUOJIAFAZHANGAIGEWEI、CAIZHENGBU、RENLIZIYUANSHEHUIBAOZHANGBUYINFALE《SHENHUAXINSHIDAIZHIYEJIAOYU“SHUANGSHIXING”JIAOSHIDUIWUJIANSHEGAIGESHISHIFANGAN》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《ZHIJIAOSHIZI12TIAO》)。JIAOYUBUJIAOSHIGONGZUOSIFUZERENJIU《ZHIJIAOSHIZI12TIAO》XIANGGUANWENTIHUIDAJIZHETIWEN。

  一、《职教师资12条》出台背景是什么?

江西快3  DANGZHONGYANG、GUOWUYUANGAODUZHONGSHIZHIJIAOJIAOSHIDUIWUJIANSHEGONGZUO,DUIJIANSHEGAOSUZHI“SHUANGSHIXING”JIAOSHIDUIWUJINXINGLEJUECEBUSHU。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZAIQUANGUOJIAOYUDAHUISHANGFABIAOZHONGYAOJIANGHUAZHONGQIANGDIAOZHICHU,YAO“JIANCHIBAJIAOSHIDUIWUJIANSHEZUOWEIJICHUGONGZUO”。《ZHONGGONGZHONGYANG GUOWUYUANGUANYUQUANMIANSHENHUAXINSHIDAIJIAOSHIDUIWUJIANSHEGAIGEDEYIJIAN》TICHU,YAO“QUANMIANTIGAOZHIYEYUANXIAOJIAOSHIZHILIANG,JIANSHEYIZHIGAOSUZHI‘SHUANGSHIXING’DEJIAOSHIDUIWU”。《GUOJIAZHIYEJIAOYUGAIGESHISHIFANGAN》DI12TIAOTICHU,YAO“DUOCUOBINGJUDAZAO‘SHUANGSHIXING’JIAOSHIDUIWU”。

  GAIGEKAIFANGYILAITEBIESHIDANGDESHIBADAYILAI,ZHIYEJIAOYUJIAOSHIPEIYANGPEIXUNTIXIJIBENJIANCHENG,JIAOSHIGUANLIZHIDUZHUBUJIANQUAN,JIAOSHIDIWEIDAIYUWENBUTIGAO,JIAOSHISUZHINENGLIXIANZHUTISHENG,WEIZHIYEJIAOYUGAIGEFAZHANTIGONGLEYOULIDERENCAIBAOZHANGHEZHILIZHICHENG。DANSHI,YUXINSHIDAIGUOJIAZHIYEJIAOYUGAIGEDEXINYAOQIUXIANGBI,ZHIYEJIAOYUJIAOSHIDUIWUHAICUNZAIZHESHULIANGBUZU、LAIYUANDANYI、XIAOQISHUANGXIANGLIUDONGBUCHANG、JIEGOUXINGMAODUNTUCHU、GUANLITIZHIJIZHIBULINGHUO、ZHUANYEHUASHUIPINGPIANDIDEWENTI,YOUQISHITONGSHIJUBEILILUNJIAOXUEHESHIJIANJIAOXUENENGLIDE“SHUANGSHIXING”JIAOSHIHEJIAOXUETUANDUIDUANQUE,YICHENGWEIZHIYUEZHIYEJIAOYUGAIGEFAZHANDE“PINGJING”。

  MIANDUIJIANSHESHEHUIZHUYIXIANDAIHUAQIANGGUO、XINSHIDAIGUOJIAZHIYEJIAOYUGAIGEDEXINXINGSHIXINYAOQIU,LUOSHILIDESHURENGENBENRENWU,SHENHUAZHIYEJIAOYUJIAOSHIDUIWUJIANSHEGAIGE,TIGAOJIAOSHIJIAOYUJIAOXUENENGLIHEZHUANYESHIJIANNENGLI,YOUHUAZHUANJIANZHIJIAOSHIDUIWUJIEGOU,DAZAOYIZHIGAOSUZHI“SHUANGSHIXING”JIAOSHIDUIWU,SHIZHIYEJIAOYUJIAOSHIDUIWUJIANSHEGAIGEDEYIXIANGJINPORENWU。

  二、《职教师资12条》起草过程是怎样的?

江西快3  YISHIZUZHIYANJIUQICAO。CHENGLIYOUBUFENSHENGJIJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENXIANGGUANCHUSHIFUZETONGZHI、ZHONGZHI、GAOZHI、YINGYONGXINGBENKEYUANXIAOZHIYEJIAOYUZHUANJIAGONGTONGZUCHENGDEQICAOXIAOZU,ZAICHUBUDIAOYANCHENGGUODEJICHUSHANG,JIZHONGYANJIUQICAOXINGCHENG《ZHIJIAOSHIZI12TIAO》。

  ERSHIGUANGFANZHENGQIUYIJIAN。2YUE,WOSIZHAOKAISIWUHUIZHUANTIYANJIU、SHENYIXIUGAI,HAIZHUANMENZHAOKAIZHUANJIAZHENGQIUYIJIANZUOTANHUI,YAOQINGZHIYEJIAOYUYUCHENGRENJIAOYUSI、DIFANGJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMEN、ZHIYEJISHUSHIFANYUANXIAO、ZHIYEYUANXIAOXIAOZHANGZHUANJIAJINXINGYANTAOZUOTAN。TONGSHI,SHUMIANZHENGQIU32GESHENGJIJIAOYUXINGZHENGBUMENYIJIBUNEIXIANGGUANSIJUYIJIAN,ZAIZONGJIESHULIGEFANGMIANYIJIANJIANYIDEJICHUSHANG,DUI《ZHIJIAOSHIZI12TIAO》JINXINGLEXIUGAIWANSHAN,XINGCHENGLE《ZHIJIAOSHIZI12TIAO》ZHENGQIUYIJIANGAO。

  SANSHIXIUGAIXINGCHENGDINGGAO。2019NIAN2YUE—4YUE,WOSIXIANHOUHUISHANGBUNEIZHENGCEFAGUISI、FAZHANGUIHUASIDENG9GESIJUJIGUOJIAFAZHANGAIGEWEI、CAIZHENGBU、RENLIZIYUANSHEHUIBAOZHANGBUDENGBUWEI,JIU《ZHIJIAOSHIZI12TIAO》NEIRONGZHENGQIUYIJIANJIANYI,BINGGENJUXIANGGUANBUWEIJIBUNEISIJUYIJIANJIANYIDUI《ZHIJIAOSHIZI12TIAO》JINXINGDUOCIXIUGAIWANSHAN,XINGCHENG《ZHIJIAOSHIZI12TIAO》YINFAGAO。

  三、《职教师资12条》主要内容有哪些?

江西快3  《ZHIJIAOSHIZI12TIAO》DEZONGTIMUBIAO:JINGGUO5—10NIANSHIJIAN,GOUJIANZHENGFUTONGCHOUGUANLI、XINGYEQIYEHEYUANXIAOSHENDURONGHEDEJIAOSHIDUIWUJIANSHEJIZHI,JIANQUANZHONGDENGHEGAODENGZHIYEJIAOYUJIAOSHIPEIYANGPEIXUNTIXI,DATONGXIAOQIRENYUANSHUANGXIANGLIUDONGQUDAO,“SHUANGSHIXING”JIAOSHIHEJIAOXUETUANDUISHULIANGCHONGZU,SHUANGSHIJIEGOUMINGXIANGAISHAN。JIANLIJUYOUXIANMINGTESEDE“SHUANGSHIXING”JIAOSHIZIGEZHUNRU、RENYONGKAOHEZHIDU,JIAOSHIZHIYEFAZHANTONGDAOCHANGTONG,DAIYUHEBAOZHANGJIZHIGENGJIAWANSHAN,ZHIYEJIAOYUJIAOSHIXIYINLIMINGXIANZENGQIANG,JIBENJIANCHENGYIZHISHIDEGAOSHANG、JIYIJINGZHAN、ZHUANJIANJIEHE、CHONGMANHUOLIDEGAOSUZHI“SHUANGSHIXING”JIAOSHIDUIWU。

江西快3  JUTIMUBIAO:DAO2022NIAN,ZHIYEYUANXIAO“SHUANGSHIXING”JIAOSHIZHANZHUANYEKEJIAOSHIDEBILICHAOGUOYIBAN,JIANSHE100JIAXIAOQIHEZUODE“SHUANGSHIXING”JIAOSHIPEIYANGPEIXUNJIDIHE100GEGUOJIAJIQIYESHIJIANJIDI,XUANPAIYIDAPIZHUANYEDAITOURENHEGUGANJIAOSHICHUGUOYANXIUFANGXUE,JIANCHENG360GEGUOJIAJIZHIYEJIAOYUJIAOSHIJIAOXUECHUANGXINTUANDUI,JIAOSHIANZHAOGUOJIAZHIYEBIAOZHUNHEJIAOXUEBIAOZHUNKAIZHANJIAOXUE、PEIXUNHEPINGJIADENENGLIQUANMIANTISHENG,JIAOSHIFENGONGXIEZUOJINXINGMOKUAIHUAJIAOXUEDEMOSHIQUANMIANSHISHI,YOULIBAOZHANG1+XZHENGSHUZHIDUSHIDIANGONGZUO,FUSHEDAIDONGGEDIGEXIAO“SHUANGSHIXING”JIAOSHIDUIWUJIANSHE,WEIQUANMIANTIGAOFUHEXINGJISHUJINENGRENCAIPEIYANGZHILIANGTIGONGQIANGYOULIDESHIZIZHICHENG。

  《ZHIJIAOSHIZI12TIAO》GONG12XIANGGONGZUOJUCUO,BAOKUO:JIANSHEFENCENGFENLEIDEJIAOSHIZHUANYEBIAOZHUNTIXI,TUIJINYISHUANGSHISUZHIWEIDAOXIANGDEXINJIAOSHIZHUNRUZHIDUGAIGE,GOUJIANYIZHIYEJISHUSHIFANYUANXIAOWEIZHUTI、CHANJIAORONGHEDEDUOYUANPEIYANGPEIXUNGEJU,WANSHAN“GUDINGGANG+LIUDONGGANG”DEJIAOSHIZIYUANPEIZHIXINJIZHI,JIANSHE“GUOJIAGONGJIANGZHISHI”YINLINGDEGAOCENGCIRENCAIDUIWU,CHUANGJIANGAOSHUIPINGJIEGOUHUAJIAOSHIJIAOXUECHUANGXINTUANDUI,JUJIAO1+XZHENGSHUZHIDUKAIZHANJIAOSHIQUANYUANPEIXUN,JIANLIXIAOQIRENYUANSHUANGXIANGJIAOLIUXIEZUOGONGTONGTI,SHENHUATUCHU“SHUANGSHIXING”DAOXIANGDEJIAOSHIKAOHEPINGJIAGAIGE,LUOSHIQUANYIBAOZHANGHEJILIJIZHITISHENGSHEHUIDIWEI,JIAQIANGDANGDUIJIAOSHIDUIWUJIANSHEDEQUANMIANLINGDAO,YIJIQIANGHUAJIAOSHIDUIWUJIANSHEGAIGEDEBAOZHANGCUOSHI。

  四、《职教师资12条》有哪些主要的创新点?

  《ZHIJIAOSHIZI12TIAO》DESHIERXIANGGONGZUOJUCUOKEYIHUAFENWEIJIANSHEYIXIANGBIAOZHUNTIXI、GAIGECHUANGXINLIANGXIANGJIBENZHIDU、WANSHANSANXIANGGUANLIBAOZHANGJIZHI、SHISHILIUDAJUCUOTISHENGJIAOSHISHUANGSHISUZHISIGECENGMIAN。

  1. JIANSHEYIZHENGTAOJIAOSHIBIAOZHUNTIXI。《ZHIJIAOSHIZI12TIAO》MINGQUEJIANLIZHONGDENGHEGAODENGZHIYEJIAOYUCENGCIFENMING,FUGAIGONGGONGKE、ZHUANYEKE、SHIJIANKEDENGGELEIKECHENGDEJIAOSHIZHUANYEBIAOZHUNTIXI。BUDUANWANSHANZHIYEJIAOYUJIAOSHIPINGJIABIAOZHUNTIXI。

江西快3  2. GAIGECHUANGXINLIANGXIANGJIBENZHIDU。YISHIYISHUANGSHISUZHIWEIDAOXIANGGAIGEXINJIAOSHIZHUNRUZHIDU。WANSHANZHIYEJIAOYUJIAOSHIZIGEKAOSHIZHIDU。JIANLIGAOCENGCI、GAOJINENGRENCAIYIZHIJIEKAOCHAFANGSHIGONGKAIZHAOPINJIZHI。TANSUOJIANLIXINJIAOSHIWEIQI1NIANDEJIAOYUJIANXIHEWEIQI3NIANDEQIYESHIJIANZHIDU。ZI2019NIANQI,CHUCHIYOUXIANGGUANLINGYUZHIYEJINENGDENGJIZHENGSHUDEBIYESHENGWAI,ZHIYEYUANXIAO、YINGYONGXINGBENKEGAOXIAOXIANGGUANZHUANYEJIAOSHIYUANZESHANGCONGJUYOU3NIANYISHANGQIYEGONGZUOJINGLIBINGJUYOUGAOZHIYISHANGXUELIDERENYUANZHONGGONGKAIZHAOPIN。2020NIANQI,CHU“SHUANGSHIXING”ZHIYEJISHUSHIFANZHUANYEBIYESHENGWAI,JIBENBUZAICONGWEIJUBEI3NIANYISHANGXINGYEQIYEGONGZUOJINGLIDEYINGJIEBIYESHENGZHONGZHAOPIN,TESHUGAOJINENGRENCAI(HANJUYOUGAOJIGONGYISHANGZHIYEZIGEHUOXIANGYINGZHIYEJINENGDENGJIRENYUAN)KESHIDANGFANGKUANXUELIYAOQIU。ERSHIYISHUANGSHISUZHIWEIHEXINSHENHUAJIAOSHIKAOHEPINGJIAGAIGE。JIANLIZHIYEYUANXIAO、XINGYEQIYE、PEIXUNPINGJIAZUZHIDUOYUANCANYUDE“SHUANGSHIXING”JIAOSHIPINGJIAKAOHETIXI。SHENHUAJIAOSHIZHICHENGZHIDUGAIGE,POCHU“WEIWENPING、WEILUNWEN、WEIMAOZI、WEISHENFEN、WEIJIANGXIANG”DEWANZHANGGUJI。TUIDONGGEDIJIEHESHIJI,ZHIDING“SHUANGSHIXING”JIAOSHIRENDINGBIAOZHUN。JIANGSHIDESHIFENG、GONGJIANGJINGSHEN、JISHUJINENGHEJIAOYUJIAOXUESHIJIZUOWEIZHICHENGPINGPINDEZHUYAOYIJU。LUOSHIJIAOSHIXINGWEIZHUNZE,JIANLISHIDEKAOHEFUMIANQINGDANZHIDU,YANGEZHIXINGSHIDEKAOHEYIPIAOFOUJUE。

江西快3  3. WANSHANSANXIANGBAOZHANGJIZHI。YISHIJIAQIANGDANGDUIJIAOSHIDUIWUJIANSHEDEQUANMIANLINGDAO。CHONGFENFAHUIGEJIDANGZUZHIDELINGDAOHEBAGUANDINGXIANGZUOYONG,SHISHIJIAOSHIDANGZHIBUSHUJI“SHUANGDAITOUREN”PEIYUGONGCHENG,JIANQUANDEJIBINGXIU、GONGXUEJIEHEDEYURENJIZHI,DALIXUANCHUANZHIYEJIAOYUZHONGDE“SHIDAIKAIMO”HE“ZUIMEIJIAOSHI”,HONGYANGZHIYEJINGSHEN、GONGJIANGJINGSHEN、LAOMOJINGSHEN。ERSHILUOSHIQUANYIBAOZHANGHEJILIJIZHITISHENGSHEHUIDIWEI。ZHIYEYUANXIAO、YINGYONGXINGBENKEGAOXIAOXIAOQIHEZUO、JISHUFUWU、SHEHUIPEIXUN、ZIBANQIYEDENGSUODESHOURU,KEANYIDINGBILIZUOWEIJIXIAOGONGZILAIYUAN。ZHIDINGZHIYEJIAOYUJIAOSHIJIANFUZHENGCE。GEDIYAOJIEHEZHIYEYUANXIAOCHENGDANKUOZHAORENWU、ZHIYEPEIXUN(BAOKUOZHIYEJINENGTISHENGPEIXUN、1+XZHENGSHUPEIXUNDENG)DESHIJIQINGKUANG,HEZENGJIXIAOGONGZIZONGLIANG。SANSHIQIANGHUAJIAOSHIDUIWUJIANSHEGAIGEDEBAOZHANGCUOSHI。JIANGJIAOSHIDUIWUJIANSHEZUOWEIZHONGGUOTESEGAOSHUIPINGGAOZHIYUANXIAOHEZHUANYEJIANSHEJIHUATOURUDEZHICHIZHONGDIAN,XIANDAIZHIYEJIAOYUZHILIANGTISHENGJIHUAJINYIBUXIANGJIAOSHIDUIWUJIANSHEQINGXIE。

  4. SHISHILIUDAJUCUOTIGAOSHUANGSHISUZHI。YISHIGOUJIANYIZHIYEJISHUSHIFANYUANXIAOWEIZHUTI、CHANJIAORONGHEDEDUOYUANBANXUEGEJU。JIAQIANGZHIYEJISHUSHIFANYUANXIAOHEGAOXIAOZHIYEJISHUJIAOYU(SHIFAN)XUEYUANJIANSHE,ZHICHIGAOSHUIPINGGONGKEDAXUEJUBANZHIYEJISHUSHIFANJIAOYU,BANHAOYIPIYILIUZHIYEJISHUSHIFANYUANXIAOHEYILIUZHIYEJISHUSHIFANZHUANYE。JIANQUANPUTONGGAODENGXUEXIAOYUDIFANGZHENGFU、ZHIYEYUANXIAO、XINGYEQIYELIANHEPEIYANGJIAOSHIJIZHI。ERSHIWANSHAN“GUDINGGANG+LIUDONGGANG”DEJIAOSHIZIYUANPEIZHIXINJIZHI。SHISHIXIANDAICHANYEDAOSHITEPINGANGWEIJIHUA。TUIDONGXINGCHENG“GUDINGGANG+LIUDONGGANG”、SHUANGSHIJIEGOUYUSHUANGSHISUZHIJIANGUDEZHUANYEJIAOXUETUANDUI。SANSHIJIANLIXIAOQIRENYUANSHUANGXIANGJIAOLIUXIEZUOGONGTONGTI。JIADAZHENGFUTONGCHOU,YITUOZHIJIAOYUANQU、ZHIJIAOJITUAN、CHANJIAORONGHEXINGQIYEDENGJIANLIXIAOQIRENYUANSHUANGXIANGJIAOLIUXIEZUOGONGTONGTI。JIANLIXIAOQIRENYUANSHUANGXIANGLIUDONGXIANGHUJIANZHICHANGTAIYUNXINGJIZHI。WANSHANJIAOSHIDINGQIDAOQIYESHIJIANZHIDU,TUIJINZHIYEYUANXIAO、YINGYONGXINGBENKEGAOXIAOZHUANYEKEJIAOSHIMEINIANZHISHAOLEIJI1GEYUEYIDUOZHONGXINGSHICANYUQIYESHIJIANHUOSHIXUNJIDISHIXUN。SISHIJUJIAO“1+X”ZHENGSHUZHIDUKAIZHANJIAOSHIQUANYUANPEIXUN。DUIJIE1+XZHENGSHUZHIDUSHIDIANHEZHIYEJIAOYUJIAOXUEGAIGEXUQIU,TANSUOSHIYINGZHIYEJINENGPEIXUNYAOQIUDEJIAOSHIFENJIPEIXUNMOSHI,PEIYUYIPIJUBEIZHIYEJINENGDENGJIZHENGSHUPEIXUNNENGLIDEJIAOSHI。WUSHICHUANGJIANGAOSHUIPINGJIEGOUHUAJIAOSHIJIAOXUECHUANGXINTUANDUI。FENNIANDU、FENPICI、FENZHUANYELINXUANJIANSHE360GEGUOJIAJIZHIYEJIAOYUJIAOSHIJIAOXUECHUANGXINTUANDUI。SHISHIZHIYEYUANXIAOJIAOSHIJIAOXUECHUANGXINTUANDUIJINGWAIPEIXUNJIHUA,MEINIANXUANPAI1000RENFENPICI、CHENGJIANZHIFUGUOWAIYANXIUFANGXUE。LIUSHIYI“GUOJIAGONGJIANGZHISHI”WEIYINLINGJIAQIANGGAOCENGCIRENCAIDUIWUJIANSHE。GAIGESHISHIZHIYEYUANXIAOJIAOSHISUZHITIGAOJIHUA,FENJIDAZAOSHIDEGAOSHANG、JIYIJINGZHAN、YURENSHUIPINGGAOCHAODEJIAOXUEMINGSHI、ZHUANYEDAITOUREN、QINGNIANGUGANJIAOSHIDENGGAOCENGCIRENCAIDUIWU。JIANLIGUOJIAJIECHUZHIYEJIAOYUZHUANJIAKUJIQILIANXIJIZHI。MIANXIANGZHANLVEXINGXINXINGCHANYEHEXIANJINZHIZAOYERENCAIXUYAO,DAZAOYIPIFUGAIZHONGDIANZHUANYELINGYUDE“GUOJIAGONGJIANGZHISHI”。JIANSHE 1000 GEGUOJIAJI“SHUANGSHIXING”MINGSHIGONGZUOSHIHE1000 GEGUOJIAJIJIAOSHIJIYIJINENGCHUANCHENGCHUANGXINPINGTAI。

  五、下一步推进《职教师资12条》贯彻落实有哪些措施?

  YISHIJIAQIANGXUANCHUANYINDAO。TONGGUOMEITIDENGJINXINGXUANCHUAN,ZUZHIZHUANJIAJIEDUWENJIANJINGSHEN,TONGGUOJUBANZHUANTIYANXIUBAN、ZHIYEYUANXIAOJIAOSHIXIAOZHANGHEXINGZHENGGUANLIRENYUANPEIXUNDENG,BANGZHUGEDIGEXIAOLIJIEWENJIANJINGSHEN,TUIJINGUANCHELUOSHI。

江西快3  ERSHIXIHUARENWUFENGONG。YAOQIUGEDIYAOGENJU《ZHIJIAOSHIZI12TIAO》YAOQIU,JIEHEBENDISHIJIQINGKUANG,ZHUAJINZHIDINGJUTISHISHIFANGAN,XIHUAZHENGCECUOSHI,QUEBAOGEXIANGRENWULUODAOSHICHU。

江西快3  SANSHIJIAQIANGDUCHALUOSHI。JIAOYUBUJIANGDUIGEDILUOSHIQINGKUANGJINXINGJIANDUJIANCHAHEGENZONGFENXI,DUIDIANXINGZUOFAHEYOUXIAOJINGYANJISHIZONGJIE、JIJITUIGUANG。

2019-10-17  来源:教育部